February 14 is Valentine's Day in the US and many other countries.
Like many holidays, Valentine's Day has main colors: these are red, pink, and white.
Starting several weeks before February 14, you will start seeing many candies and chocolates for sale. Many are in heart-shaped boxes. For the holiday, many people also give red roses, cards, or other small gifts. Cards sent on this holiday can also be called "Valentines." Many of the cards will say "Be my Valentine." Many people take their loved-one out to eat at a nice restaurant that night, or the weekend before.
This holiday is also called St. Valentine's Day. The abbreviation "St." can mean "street" or "saint." A saint is a holy person. No one knows for sure how Valentine's Day began, but the most popular story comes from the Roman Empire. At one time, a roman emperor made it illegal to for his soldiers to get married. The emperor thought that single men made the best soldiers, and if a man were married and had children, then his mind would be more on his family and less on fighting for the king. However, an early Christian leader named Valentine broke the law and performed secret weddings, in order to help people. Finally the police caught him and put him in jail. While in jail, he fell in love with the jailer's daughter and wrote her letters, signed "from your Valentine." According to legend, this is how the tradition of sending Valentine cards began. The legend continues that the authorities killed Valentine on February 14 for breaking the law, so that date became his "holy day" and is now the holiday. After all, the word "holiday" comes from "holy day."
This page tells you more about Valentine's Day in simple Englislh.
Learn more about the history of this holiday here. (native-speaker level)
A licensed teacher in the US state of Virginia since 1987, Scott Dreyer has been helping Chinese speakers improve their English since 1989. Dreyer lived in Taiwan from 1989-1999 where he learned Mandarin, met his wife, started his family, and realized he loved working with Chinese students. He became an award-winning author and started teaching ESL online in 2008. Dreyer and his wife and their four adult children make their home in the beautiful Roanoke Valley in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia.dreyercoaching.com/en/about/scott-dreyer